Thailand Power Development Plan (PDP 2010: Revision 3) was approved by the Nation Energy Policy council (NEPC) and the Cabinet. The latest revision targets to increase the share of renewable energy instead of nuclear, coal, and foreign power purchase. Mr. Mongkol Sakulkao, the Deputy Governor - Policy and Planning of Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), revealed that at the end of 2030 the share of gas would decrease to 58%, while the renewable energy would increase to 18%. This would contribute to the decrease of carbon dioxide emission to 0.385 kgCO2/kWh. For the replacement of the retired Khanom power plant, there would be the negotiation with Electricity Generating Public Co., Ltd. (EGCO) to operate the existing infrastructure, for both of transmission system and natural gas transmission pipeline.

     According to Mr. Mongkol Sakulkao, the Deputy Governor-Policy and Planning, on 8 June 2012, PDP 2010: Revision 3 was approved by the Nation Energy Council (NEPC) and then was endorsed by the Cabinet on 19 June 2012. There were three key assumptions made for PDP2012: Revision 3 formulation as shown below:

1. The power demand forecast or load forecast

It is in accordance with the 20-Year Energy Efficiency Development Plan 2011-2030

2. Thailand power system security

Thailand should have the proper level of reserve margin to be not less than 15 percent, the proportion of power purchase from neighboring countries should be not greater than 15 percent, and fuel type diversification should be in appropriate proportion

3. Clean energy development

The 10-Year Alternative Energy Development Plan 2012-2021 was taken into account. Cogeneration system and green house gas emission reduction were promoted.

     The Deputy Governor - Policy and Planning further stated that Thailand Load Forecast Subcommittee had issued the new power demand forecast with the consideration on the government’s 5 year economic stimulation policies, ASEAN Economic Community, rail network development, and energy efficiency plan. At the end of 2030, it was expected that grand total capacity would be about 70,686 MW which increased from the Revision 2 by 1,129 MW.

     Power plant construction projects are comprised of 29 natural gas power plants accounting for 25,451 MW (the increase of 6 power plants), 3 gas turbine power plants accounting for 750 MW (the increase of 3 power plants), 6 clean coal fired power plants accounting for 4,400 MW (the decrease of 4 power plants), 2 nuclear power plants accounting for 2,000 MW (the decrease of 2 power plants), 6,374 MW co-generation (the decrease of 1890 MW), 9,482 MW renewable energy (the increase of 5,049 MW), and the foreign power purchase of 6,572 MW (the decrease of 4,410 MW).

     For EGAT system, the power projects planned until 2019 is Wang Noi Block 4, Chana Block 2, North Bangkok Block 2, Lam Takong pumped storage hydropower plant Unit 3-4, Mae Moh power plant unit 4-7 to replace the retired ones, and clean coal-fired power plant block 1. There are also power projects planned from 2020-2030 which are 17 natural gas power plants accounting for 15,300 MW, 3 gas turbine power plants accounting for 750 MW, 3 clean coal power plants accounting for 2,400 MW, and 2 nuclear power plants accounting for 2,000 MW.

     The government has a policy to open the bidding of 6 natural gas power plants for independent power producers (IPPs) accounting for 5,400 MW with the commercial operation date on 2021. The government will also purchase the electricity from small power producers (SPPs) under firm cogeneration type for 1,368 MW.

     “At the end of 2030, the share of natural gas used to generate electricity will decrease to 58 percent, while the renewable energy will increase to 18%. The shares of clean coal, lignite, and nuclear will stand at 12, 7, and 5 percent respectively. The carbon dioxide emission from the electricity generation process will decrease to 0.385 kgCO2/kWh. For the replacement of the aged Kanom power plant that will be decommissioned in 2013, NEPC and the Cabinet assigned the Ministry of Energy to negotiate with EGCO to construct the new power plant by utilizing the existing infrastructure such as transmission system and natural gas transmission pipeline with the consideration on environmental impact and community acceptance” The Deputy Governor-Policy and Planning remarked.