EGAT has conducted business in an environmentally responsible manner to ensure the sound environmental practices in full compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. EGAT has observed in particular the environmental principles as outlined in the International Standard ISO 26000 titled “Guidance on Social Responsibility”, which include the environmental responsibility, the precautionary approach, the environmental risk management, and the polluter pays. Key environmental issues taken into consideration are as follows:
Prevention of Pollution
EGAT has a strong determination to adopt measures to prevent and control the environmental impacts, in particular the organization’s emissions to air such as sulfur dioxides (SO2)and nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon dioxides (CO2). Discharges to water have been managed in compliance with all applicable environmental laws including the improving of the overall environmental quality.
Sustainable Resource Use
EGAT continues pursuing the clean and green energy sources by promoting the development and consumption of renewable and alternative energy, ranging from solar power, wind energy, hydropower to geothermal energy. In 2011, a total of 7,943.63 million kWh of electricity from clean energy sources was produced from EGAT’s power generation system.
Climate Change Mitigation
EGAT has actively developed clean development mechanism (CDM) projects as means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Up until 2011, nine out of ten projects received the Letters of Approval (LOA) from Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (TGO). Among these projects in particular, the irrigation valve-based micro hydropower projects installed at Kaeng Krachan and Mae Ngat Somboon Chon dams received the crown standard awards for Thai CDM projects.
Promotion of the Environment, Biodiversity and Restoration of Natural Habitats
EGAT has implemented plans in collaboration with numerous organizations and agencies at the regional level in efforts to minimize possible environmental impacts resulting from land use involving with local communities in undertaking numerous environmental campaigns and activities. Among these environmental campaigns included EGAT’s reforestation project which was developed in commemoration of the Royal Golden Jubilee in 1984. The project has recovered an area of 384,418 rais of the former degraded forests which account for over 53 million trees in total. The project which adopted the sustainable forestry practices has contributed to the protection of biodiversity and restoration of natural habitats in 49 provinces across the country. EGAT has also implemented the plant genetics conservation project under the royal initiatives of HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn. An area totaling 21,006 rais around 12 of EGAT’s dams and reservoirs has been allocated to be developed into areas for preserving local and traditional strands of herbs and plants in efforts to value, protect, and restore local ecosystem.