Demand Side Management

         EGAT has implemented the Demand Side Management Project by promoting energy and environment conservation through several measures and guidelines to reduce the unnecessary use of electricity, fuel import, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and to maintain the overall stability of the electricity generation during the peak period. The implementation of several measures are as follows:

1. Energy Saving Equipment

1.1 No. 5 Labelling

         In 2017, EGAT implemented the project on energy saving by No.5 Labeling by promoting the energy efficiency labeling for 30 products comprising 23.3 million labels making the total labels of 338.7 million. In 2017, the demand for electricity was reduced by 261 MW, and the electricity of 1,530 million kWh was saved. The carbon dioxide emissions with the amount of 798,000 tons was reduced.

         In 2017, to promote the energy saving shirt among the people, No.5 labeling was used with No.5 shirt (shirt produced from the material which, according to the standard, does not wrinkle after being washed and does not require ironing). The project has been implemented with the cooperation of the Thailand Textile Institute and 22 manufacturers. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed on September 20, 2017. The labeling would start in January 2018. It is expected that the sale of 1.7 million shirts per year would save energy of 7.2 million kWh per year.

         Moreover, the standard requirements have been developed for the top -loading twin tub washing machine, and the No. 5 labeling was started in September 2017.

1.2 Promotion of the use of light-emitting diode (LED)

         - EGAT has promoted the market of LEDs to be accessible by consumers with lower market price. The producers of LEDs of E 27 of 5-8 W certified with No.5 label were invited to put their products in EGAT package and sell through the sale channels throughout the country at the economy price. In this connection, EGAT organized “Thailand Energy Efficiency Week 2017” during May 11-13, 2017 to promote the use of LEDs among consumers and to expand the LEDs market in the country.

         - The project on the study and research of the use of LEDs in relation with the ecosystem conservation was conducted by using the LEDs with cold weather plants instead of incandescent lamps. On September 6, 2017, EGAT signed a Memorandum of Understanding with 4 organizations comprising the Royal Project Foundation, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, Chiang Mai University, and the National Astronomical Research Institute of Thailand (Public Organization) to conduct a research on the reduction of the impact of the light pollution on the ecosystem in the Intanon National Park which is an area where a lot of light is used in planting chrysanthemums. The excess of light from the compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) made a spread reflection to the sky resulting in a wide light pollution in the sky.
         EGAT has experimented in substituting the compact fluorescent lamps for the LEDs of which the lighting property is downward to direction in use. The use of LEDs has reduced the spread reflection to the sky and saved more than 50 percent of electricity. From the experiment, the spread reflection to the sky has been reduced tremendously. From the survey of agriculturalists’ satisfaction, it has been found that they have great satisfaction as the plant still grows normally and gives the same productivity, whereas the cost in electricity can be reduced more than half of the original cost.

2. Energy Saving Building

         EGAT has supported and promoted the efficient use of electricity in buildings which include housing, business building, and factory that require a large amount of electricity. EGAT intends to increase awareness of the people about the efficient use of electricity and the need for improvement of the building to be energy saving, to promote the design and use of energy efficiency construction materials for new buildings so that the users can benefit from the energy reduction.

2.1 Specifying requirements for energy efficiency for each type of building

         - In 2017, EGAT, in cooperation with King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, conducted a study on the principles and requirements for energy efficiency buildings of different types in order to promote the development of design and construction materials for energy efficiency buildings.

         - EGAT conducted a pilot project on the study of measures/technologies for energy conservation in the industrial premises by analyzing the use of energy in the industrial premises and recommending the improvement of energy efficiency. The objective of the study is to make preparation for the enforcement of Energy Efficiency Resources Standards (EERs) in 2018.

2.2 Cooperation with the National Housing Authority on the development of No. 5 housing

         - EGAT cooperated with the National Housing Authority in the implementation of the project on energy efficiency housing and signed the Memorandum of Understanding with the National Housing Authority on the development of design and construction of energy efficiency housing (No.5 housing) on May 2, 2017 at the United Nations Conference Center.

         - In the implantation of the pilot project of the National Housing Authority, EGAT conducted assessment of the energy efficiency and gave recommendations concerning the improvement of the design and construction materials to meet the requirements of EGAT’s standards for the low-income and middle-income housing. It is expected that the improvement of the design and construction materials of Rangsit, Rayong, and Si Sa Ket Housing Projects which would be completed in 2018 would result in the energy saving of around 0.9 million kWh, reduction in electricity charge of around 3.6 million Baht per year, and the carbon dioxide emission more than 489 tCO2.

3. Energy Saving Habit

         Under the Green Learning Room Project, EGAT has incorporated the energy reduction activity in the learning process of 414 schools in every province to transfer the knowledge and develop the energy efficiency habit and environmental conservation to the youth. The activity has been conducted to achieve more tangible result and to extend the result to the students’ families and communities. The project comprises the following activities:

         - The activity of upgrading “Green Learning Room” to the standard of “Green Learning School” (model school in energy and environmental conservation) has been conducted on a continuous basis since 2009. At present, a total number of 177 schools have achieved EGAT’s “Green Learning School” standards.

         - The activities of “Low Carbon Schools” (reduction of energy in school) and “From Low Carbon Schools to Low Carbon Community” (reduction of energy in students’ houses) could reduce the use of electricity more than 1.7 million kWh, the expense of more than 6 million Baht, and carbon dioxide emissions from electrical appliances of more than 900 tCO2.

         - The activity of “No.5 Energy-Saving Community” was organized at the Ban Klong Yang Community, Krabi Province. Ban Klong Yang Community which comprises 47 households is the first model energy-saving community in the South of Thailand. The activity focused on the energy reduction planning. If the community could achieve its target in energy reduction, it would be able to save electricity of approximately 16,920 kWh per year or approximately 67,700 Baht and reduce carbon dioxide emission of 9.8 tCO2.

         - EGAT cooperated with the Department of General Education in the establishment of a learning center in energy and environmental conservation at the Primary Educational Service Area Office, Area 3, Khon Kaen Province to promote the learning process and transfer knowledge through the youth to the local people.

         - EGAT has developed the activity “Energy Reduction in Schools” to the project “Low Emission Support Scheme (LESS)” to apply for certification of greenhouse gas reduction from the Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization) in order to include the school activities such as replacement of energy saving lamps in schools under the Green Learning Room Project and “Low Carbon Schools” activities to reduce electricity consumption in the schools and students’ houses etc. to be a part of CO2 reduction of the country.

3.1 Implementation of promotional measures in energy conservation

RAC NAMA Project

         EGAT signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) to implement the project on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (RAC NAMA) on December 20, 2017. The project provides financial support to promote the development and use of cooling equipment such as air conditioner, refrigerator, freezer, and chiller using the environmentally-friendly and energy-saving refrigerant. The project responds to the mission of the Thai government represented by Thailand’s National Climate Change Committee which has committed to participating in the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) concerning the climate change of Thailand with the target of greenhouse gas reduction of 20-25 percent by 2030.

Promotion of electric vehicles (EVs)

         - Management of EV charging by smart grid: In 2017, four EV charging stations were installed at EGAT Learning Center of EGAT Headquarters. The EV charging station by smart grid technology is a part of the central management system (CMS) which analyzes data from the charging stations throughout the country according to the increasing trend of electric vehicles based on the promotion plan of electric vehicles in Thailand. According to the plan, in 2036, there will be 1.2 million electric vehicles in Thailand which will have a direct impact on the electricity system of the country.

         - Electric motorcycle and minibus: In 2017, EGAT made a trial use on 5 electric motorcycles and a minibus. The trial use aimed to make a demonstration as a leader in the electricity business and to study the behavior of using electric vehicles and electricity, in order to prepare a national plan to cope with the wide use of electric vehicles.

Promotion of No.5 brown rice

         EGAT provided rice mills to 9 community enterprises around the dams, power plants, and along the transmission lines. Moreover, EGAT has implemented 2 pilot projects, namely Ban Khok Thieng Farmers Enterprise, Sirindhorn Dam in Ubon Ratchathani Province and EGAT Organic Agricultural Community Enterprise, Sangkha Substation in Surin Province. The opening ceremony was held to grant the rice mills for these two enterprises. Furthermore, to help the farmers who had encountered the problem of price, EGAT has given support in the sale of rice. A campaign was made to promote the preference of No.5 brown rice through the activity “Tasty Menu, No.5 Brown rice.”

Power of the Land

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EGAT Magazine 2018 - Oct-Dec