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Quality, Safety, Health, and Environment

         In addition to our mission of electricity generation, EGAT consistently ensures that our operations are managed sustainably, effectively, and efficiently. In order to achieve this, EGAT commits to regulations and laws of Quality, Safety, Health, and Environment.

Occupational Health and Safety

         As EGAT is engaged in electric power generation and transmission, as well as other related businesses, effective safety management is very important to our operations. We strive to manage risks and minimize damages to life, property, and the production process.

         EGAT attaches great importance to occupational health and safety management at the policy level and has continuously communicated this commitment to our internal and external stakeholders. In addition to complying with applicable laws and regulations, we have put in place the quality, safety, health, and environmental management system (EGAT QSHE), provided support resources to achieve occupational health and safety objectives, and enhanced employee capabilities to create a safety culture within the organization. The occupational health and safety management standards ISO 45001:2018 and TIS 18001-2554 have been adopted, and we have been audited to be certified to these standards.

        To drive occupational health strategies, the Quality Management Development and Productivity Committee has identified five performance indicators, including disabling injury frequency rate (IRF), disabling injury severity rate (ISR), the number of EGAT owned vehicle accidents, the number of rented vehicle accidents, and the number of fire accidents, and required that the operational targets to be achieved for all indicators be lower than the average of the years 2017-2019. In 2020, the number of fire accidents was zero, the Disabling Injury Frequency Rate (IFR) was 0.742, the Disabling Injury Severity Rate (ISR) was 8.942, the number of owned vehicle accidents was 27, and the number of rented vehicle accidents was 13.

         The Occupational Health, Safety, and Environment Committee is a unit or site-level committee, consisting of representatives from management and non-management functions and responsible for considering safety action and training plans, ensuring compliance with applicable laws, putting an unsafe condition reporting system in place, monitoring operation progress, and supporting safety activities. EGAT has a total of 34 Occupational Health, Safety, and Environment Committees located at the headquarters, dams, mines, and high voltage substations to drive safety performance in an effective and efficient manner.

Occupational Risk Assessment and Hazard Control

         EGAT identifies and controls occupational hazards and diseases in two groups of employees: employees with high-risk jobs and employees with low-risk jobs. Employees with high-risk jobs, including underwater operations, working in confined spaces, and working with hazardous chemicals, are required to undergo proactive supervision (e.g., specialized safety training, safety rules, and safety inspection) and passive measures (e.g., use of personal protective equipment and risk-based health checkups). Employees with low-risk jobs, such as finance, accounting, supplies, and procurement, will undergo appropriate supervision, including knowledge improvement and annual health checkups.

Health Services

        To monitor employee health, employees are required to receive an annual health checkup at least once a year and a risk-based health checkup as prescribed by the Ministry of Labor. EGAT also provides a health checkup for injured or ill employees before returning to work and regularly monitor occupational diseases. In the event of a work-related injury or illness, employees will receive compensation and reimbursement of medical expenses for treatment at public or private hospitals, as well as coverage in accordance with EGAT’s regulations and the rules set by the State Enterprise Labor Relations Committee. In addition, various health promotion programs have been initiated, such as self-care training, EGAT healthy idol project, NCDs prevention course, EGAT-starred restaurant project, no-smoking campaign, EGAT non-smoking suggestion project, food safety practices for restaurant operators and workers training, CPR course, happy workplace course, and occupational disease course.

Safety Knowledge and Culture

         EGAT provides job-based training courses for employees at all levels to develop their health and safety knowledge and skills. These courses include an executive safety officer course, supervisory safety officer course, occupational health, safety, and environment courses for existing employees and new hires. There are also offer risk-based training courses, such as introduction to chemical hazards in the workplace, safety management risk assessment, confined space safety, general safety inspection and planned maintenance course, basic and advanced firefighting courses, and fire prevention and suppression for emergency response. Furthermore, EGAT has continuously conducted activities to promote a safety culture, such as a safety video contest, safety week, behavior-based safety activity, and visible safety leadership.

Contractor Safety Management

          To ensure that all contractor work practices are carried out safely, EGAT has issued EGAT Regulation No. 396 on Contractor Safety Management, covering five stages of contract management: contractor selection, pre-contract management, contract execution management, delivery, inspection and acceptance, and performance assessment and reporting. In 2020, the total working day of contractor and subcontractor employee in strip mining at a lignite coal mine in Mae Moh District, Lampang, and transmission construction are 365 and 360 days respectively, and a 100 percent of these employees received health and safety training.

Safety Performance

          In 2020, the number of employees covered by an occupational health and safety management system was 100%. EGAT’s work-related injury rate was 0.000355, down by 10.1% from the previous year; while the total work-related ill health rate was zero.

Pollution Control and Management

     Air Quality Management
Greenhouse Gas Emissions

             EGAT supports the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to mitigate climate change, which causes direct and indirect impacts on business operations. For example, changes in electricity user behavior, rainfall, velocity, and solar output can affect power generation from renewable energy sources. EGAT is taking part in Thailand’s Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) to reduce greenhouse gases by 7 to 20 percent by 2020 and the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to reduce 20 to 25 percent of emissions by 2030. EGAT greenhouse gas management is overseen by the Greenhouse Gas Management Committee, which consists of high-ranking executives from all administrative areas.

          In 2020, EGAT emitted 31,586,257.97 tCO2e of greenhouse gases, equivalent to 0.4964 kgCO2e/kWh greenhouse gas emissions intensity per electricity generation; while EGAT was able to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 8,758,780 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e), surpassing the reduction target of 4,000,000 tCO2e.

     •    NOx, SO2, and PM Emissions

          EGAT continues to enforce strict measures to adopt sound environmental technologies for the control of emissions of sulfur dioxides (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and PM. New technologies and practices included the installation of the low NOX burner to reduce nitrogen oxides emission, the electrostatic precipitator (ESP) to control particulates, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) to lower the level of sulfur dioxides. Air quality has been continuously monitored. The continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS) has been installed to collect data and sent by EGAT’s communication system to the Department of Industrial Works, the Pollution Control Department, and relevant agencies.

          In 2020, emissions of SO2, NOx, and PM from EGAT’s power plants were within the standards, which were 11,650.19 tons, 49,958.37 tons, and 1,185.69 tons, respectively.

      Noise Prevention and Control

            EGAT continues using measures for the control of noise level caused by the operations of power plants. Silencers were installed on machineries and equipment that may produce harmful noises. Monitoring of noise levels was also carried out both within the power plant areas and in the nearby communities. The results of noise level monitoring within all of power plant areas and community areas were in compliance with the standards determined by the National Environment Board (NEB) and the Ministry of Industry.

     Water Quality Management

            EGAT recognizes the importance of effective and comprehensive water management, including controlling the amount of water withdrawal from a water source and effluent discharge, to reduce the impact of EGAT’s activities on the environment and surrounding communities.

            To monitor possible water pollution that may have impacts on the environment and the nearby communities, EGAT has implemented measures for water quality management and control according to power plant types. For hydropower plants, the emphasis is on the management of office and residential water use, requiring that wastewater quality must meet the determined standard. Implementation of water-saving campaigns is also endorsed. For thermal power plants, EGAT emphasizes the adoption of water-saving measures and the reuse of discharged water. Wastewater from all power plants must be treated before being released and the quality of water must meet the standards required by laws.

              In addition, we conduct an environmental impact assessment (EIA) or environmental health impact assessment (EHIA) for each of our projects to assess the impact of water use and wastewater management.

     Environmental Management

           EGAT complies strictly with environmental laws, regulations, standards, and requirements. The ISO 14001 environmental management system is also adopted by EGAT functional units involved in electricity generation, to create confidence in communities and society regarding environmental management. In 2020, a total of 22 EGAT units were certified by ISO 14001. These include seven power plants, 14 dams, and one coal mine. In addition, EGAT’s high-voltage electricity stations have also adopted ISO 14001 in their operations to ensure comprehensive environmental management in accordance with international standards, from electricity generation to distribution.

           We have also conducted an environmental impact assessment in order to evaluate the likely impacts of our project development on natural resources, economy, society, and health, as well as to find ways to prevent potential impact from the project, and to proposes environmental impact preventive and corrective measures, environmental impact monitoring measures, and environmental action plans during the construction and operation phases. In 2020, EGAT conducted 5 types of environmental impact studies and reporting, including Environmental and Health Impact Assessment (EHIA), Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Initial Environmental Examination (IEE), Code of Practice (CoP), and Environmental and Safety Assessment (ESA).



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EGAT Magazine 2020 - Apr-Jun